The U.K. is currently preparing for the next phase of customs clearance after Brexit, due to come into effect from 1st January, 2022. With the introduction of the GVMS, the removal of delayed import declarations, and more restrictions on importing goods, this next stage is the “real Brexit” that we have been building up to since January 1st, 2021.
This increase in Brexit red tape means that customs compliance is going to be more important than ever before. If your goods arrive into the U.K. by road/ferry and do not have the correct paperwork on arrival to the origin port, then they will not be shipped to the U.K.
What is the GVMS?
The Goods Vehicle Movement Service (GVMS) is an inventory system designed to speed up clearances of vehicles arriving from the EU by allowing pre-lodgement of the manifest.
The introduction of the GVMS is to prevent the delays that would occur if the load list method used by liner agents was used. Load lists are typically finalised on departure of the vessel, and then the inventories are manifested during the crossing and against the vessel identifier. The customs clearance agent will then allocate the inventory during the clearance process. When a ferry crossing can take place over 2 hours in the middle of the night, this option is not viable for goods vehicles and would result in congestion at port whilst awaiting clearances.
Using the GVMS, your supplier and haulier will be able to create a Goods Movement Record (GMR) for the consignment before the vehicle arrives at port. Your clearance agent will then be need to pre-lodge the declaration using the GMR.
Once your shipment has departed the port of origin, the GMR will be updated to “embarked” status and the declaration will process, allowing the vehicle to arrive and proceed inland.
Restrictions on food and drink from 2022
The IPAFFS declaration will need to be completed before processing the GMR as the Unique Notification Number (UNN) is required for the clearance. From July, 2022, the UNN will need to be stated on your export health certification, too.
When do delayed import declarations end?
To ease congestion and allow your trade to continue in the first year of Brexit, HMRC have allowed your goods to enter the U.K. without customs clearance as long as they are completed within 6 months of the arrival date by an approved EIDR clearance agent.
With shipments now requiring GVMS records before departure, all shipments arriving into the U.K. will now need a customs clearance. Therefore, your last chance to use the EIDR on a shipment will be the end of December. This process will be phased out as the last EIDR clearances will be required by the end of June, 2022.